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Trudy:In the definition of Charity, which reads(a) Is established for ..., and(b) "FALLS" to be subject...was that meant to be "FAILS" to be subject...?This is a serious inquest, since legal terminology always needs interpretation.Here's a more direct interpretation of Charity in verse 18 & 19:Surah Al-LailIn the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the MercifulBy the night as it envelops; (1)By the day as it appears in brightness; (2)By Him Who created male and female; (3)Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse (different in aims and purposes); (4)As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allâh and fears Him, (5)And believes in Al-Husna/Goodness. (6)We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). (7)But he who is greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. (8)And belies Al-Husna (See the footnote of the Verse No: 6); (9)We will make smooth for him the path for evil; (10)And what will his wealth avail him when he goes down (in destruction). (11)Truly! on Us is (to give) guidance, (12)And truly, unto Us (belong) the last (Hereafter) and the first (this world). (13)Therefore I have warned you of a blazing (Hell); (14)None shall enter it save the most wretched, (15)Who denies and turns away. (16)And Al-Muttaqûn (the pious and righteous - see V.2:2) will be far removed from it (Hell). (17)He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification, (18)And who has (in mind) no favour from anyone, (19)Except to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High; (20)Surah Al-BaqaraA graceful word and forgiving is better than charity followed by causing hurt. Allah is All-Independent, Forbearing. (263)O you who believe, do not nullify your acts of charity by boasting about (doing people a) favour and by causing (them) hurt, like the one who spends his wealth to show off before people and does not believe in Allah and in the Last Day. So, his example is like a rock on which there is dust, then a heavy rain came over it and left it barren. 148 They have no ability to gain anything out of what they have done, and Allah does not give guidance to the people who disbelieve. (264) ----As you know, Islamic Jurisprudence is derived from the Quran and Hadiths. You will find elaborate definitions of Charity/Zakat in the Quran at this site; there is a search feature to confine your search. To remove a hazard from the sidewalk is Charity - a banana skin; A smile, a kind word is Charity - May Allah reward you for your Good.http://www.quranexplorer.com/.
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